Subject: LC 0501 Legal and Constitutional History
Objectives of the Course: The advent of British rule in India has introduced a completely new form of law, legal institutions and administration system in India. The traces of colonial rules are still present in Independent India. To understand the present legal system, it is pertinent to study the Legal and Constitutional History of the colonial period. This course is designed with an objective to introduce students with the growth of Administrative, Judicial and Legislative institutions in Colonial India. This will help students to get an appropriate insight of the present institutions.
Subject: LC 0502 Family Law I
Objectives of the Course: The personal law applicable to Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Parsis and other denominations is not fully codified. While these personal laws are similar in their essential broad underlying principles, they are much different in their details. Personal law is applicable not only to aspects of family relations, viz. marriage and divorce, support and maintenance, children and their custody and guardianship, adoption and the like, but also to law relating to property, viz. joint family systems, devolution to property upon death of a person. The differences in the provisions applicable to different denominations arise from the history and growth of these laws over centuries. All these are covered in the two courses of Family Law I and Family Law II. This course (Family Law I) covers the history and development of the principles and provisions of different personal laws, and the sources from which these laws are derived. It primarily comprises the laws applicable to family relations: marriage and divorce, maintenance, alimony, adoption and guardianship. It also lays emphasis on the general law applicable to all persons: the Special Marriage Act 1963 and the Foreign Marriages Act 1969. The course familiarizes the students to the differences in the various systems, and to understand the reasons, merits and demerits of the various provisions. Study of this subject should enable him to view family law not merely as a separate system of personal laws based upon religious beliefs, but as one cutting across religious lines, eventually enabling fulfillment of the Constitutional directive of Uniform Civil Code.
Subject: LC 0503 Law of Contract – I
Objectives of the Course: Individuals, organizations, institutions, governments make countless contracts for effecting their transactions. They enjoy considerable freedom in devising the terms of their transactions, which they will decide through negotiations. The general principles that affect these contracts, and that allow their enforcement in case of breach, are given in sections 1 – 75 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 (ICA). Contract remedies are also provided in the Specific Relief Act 1963 (SRA). These two laws form the main course for this paper. This course is designed to acquaint a student with the general conceptual and practical principles of contract, rules for formation of contract, performance, and enforcement of contract remedies.
Subject: LC 0504 Law of Crimes
Objectives of the Course: Crime and Punishment has always been the most important aspect of Rule of Law. A proper understanding of crimes, methods of controlling them and the reasons for their existence is extremely important to build a just and humane society. This course is designed with a prime object to familiarize students with the principles of criminal liability and other concepts of substantive criminal law along with relevant case laws. It is also meant to enable them to articulate informed opinion over important controversial issues in criminal law.
Subject: LO 0506 Equity and Trust Law
Objectives of the Course: Trust being an obligation connected with property, the law has to play a key role in protecting interests of persons for whose benefit trust is created and for balancing the rights and duties of persons connected with trust transactions. There are also instances where even in the absence of specific trust, law has to protect the beneficial interests of persons on equitable considerations. Trusts may also be created for public purposes of charitable and religious nature. The existing laws in respect of trusts, equitable and fiduciary relations connected with property are to be taught in detail. Students should also to be made aware of the emerging public trust doctrine of common property resources.
Subject: LO 0507 Criminal Psychology and Criminal Sociology
Objectives of the Course: The course is designed to acquaint students with advances made by sociology and psychiatry in understanding human behavior, particularly, deviant behavior. The objective of the course is to provide in-depth understanding of crime causation and its prevention. Advancement in the science of psychiatry and sociology has changed the understanding of criminology as a science. At the end of the course students would be able to understand the causation of crime in a better scientific and rational manner.
Subject: LO 0509 Intellectual Property Rights I
Objectives of the Course: The significant factors that contribute for the development of International Law of Intellectual Property Rights are expansion of voluminous trade; increasing interdependence of international commerce; the development of science and technology (otherwise known as cultural property) and the flow of communication. Further the development of human rights had resulted in expanding the horizons of states to expand their protection mechanism beyond their boundaries to protect the rights of nationals led the international community to develop the principles to prevent infringements to the rights of individuals. Accordingly, due to the vastness of the subject it has been divided into two papers. Paper-I gives a subtle back ground to the international perspective in a nutshell to understand the practical application of it in the National Regime in paper –II in Subtle Perspective.
Subject: LC 0601 Constitutional Law I
Objectives of the Course: The Course is designed to acquaint students with the basic principles of Constitution and Constitutionalism. The reason and justification of the growth of Fundamental Rights. The operation of Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles in India and its effect is to be studies. The basic norm of the land is to be taught with the help of appropriate judicial decisions.
Subject: LC 0602 Family Law II
Objectives of the Course: This course involves the student with the personal law as it affects property relations. It primarily covers the concept of Undivided Family of the Hindu law, the provisions relating to intestate and testamentary succession applicable to persons of all denominations, and provisions relating to wakf, and relating to gifts in Muslim law because these special provisions to which personal law is applicable. The study of the course must expose to the similarities and differences across the personal law systems, and to appreciate these differences in the context of development of these laws. The other objective is to view family law not merely as a separate system of personal laws based upon religions but as the one cutting across the religious lines and eventually enabling us to fulfill the constitutional directive of uniform civil code.
Subject: LC 0603 Law of Contract II
Objectives of the Course: Special provisions that apply to special contracts form this course. Provisions relating to contracts of indemnity and guarantee, of bailment and pledge, and of agency are contained in three chapters of the Indian Contract Act 1872 and in three other statutes: The Sale of Goods Act 1930, The Indian Partnership Act 1932 and the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881. These transactions play a very important role in commerce and trade. This course follows the course about the general principles that apply to all contracts. They deal with general principles that apply to each specific contractual relationship. The study of this course will enable a good understanding of the purposes with which each of these transactions is made, the features of each of these transactions, and the rights and liabilities of the parties to them. The course also emphasizes the study of remedies provided in these laws.
Subject: LC 0604 Tort and Consumer Protection Law
Objectives of the Course: The Law of Tort is about civil wrongs. The liability for such wrongs is distinct from liability under criminal law and contract law: negligence, defamation, trespass, assault, conspiracy, deceit are examples of such wrongs. Tort law provides various remedies: compensation for injury and injunction. It is not governed by any statute but has developed over centuries through principles developed by courts. It is therefore developmental, and the law responds to the needs of the times. Liability for new kinds of wrongs is recognized, or an existing wrong (tort) develops with contemporary needs. The course enables study of the general principles of tortious liability and its difference from criminal and contractual liability. The course also covers specific torts, and remedies available for their redressal. This course also covers the Consumer Protection Act 1986, and the principles of liability in case of accidents under the Motor Vehicles Act 1988
Subject: LO 0606 Banking and Insurance Law
Objectives of the Course: The modern society functions, contrary to the old barter system, on monetary transactions. In a developing country like India, the banking system takes off and becomes quite common even among the common people. The services banks render to the general public do have a significant contribution to the development of the economy. Paripassu, the security to the assets money as well as other valuable belonging to individuals and family units is to a large extent assured through the service of the banks. The variety of assistance tended by the banks to the common people and business community cannot be overemphasized in this context. The process of the working of the banks and the legal control over them as well as the protection to the consumers of banking services are areas which a student of law is necessarily familiar with. The insurance idea is an old-institution of transactional trade. Even from olden days merchants who made great adventures gave money by way of consideration, to other persons who made assurance, against loss of their goods, merchandise ships aid things adventured. The rates of money consideration were mutually agreed upon. Such an arrangement enabled other merchants more willingly and more freely to embark upon further trading adventures. The operational framework of insurance idea is provided by the general principles of contract. The insurance policy, being a contract, is subject to all the judicial interpretative techniques of rules of interpretation as propounded by the judiciary. Besides, the insurance idea has a compensatory justice component. This course is designed to acquaint the students with the conceptual and operational parameters, of insurance law.
Subject: LO 0607 Penology and Victimology
Objectives of the Course: The objectives of the course are to acquaint students with the penal policies including theories of punishment, their supposed philosophical and sociological justifications. This course also offers a specialized understanding of the functioning of the penal institutions along with rehabilitation and protection of victims of crime.
Subject: LO 0609 Intellectual Property Rights II
Objectives of the Course: This course is intended to introduce the student to acquaint with Intellectual Property Rights in the Indian context. This course also aims to give an overview knowledge to the student on the practical applicability of international conventions in Indian scenario.